UWSpace will be migrating to a new version of its software from July 29th to August 1st. UWSpace will be offline for all UW community members during this time.

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorEkhtiari, Sanaz
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-18 16:31:52 (GMT)
dc.date.available2017-05-18 16:31:52 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractThe built-in Energy Management System (EMS) of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) plays an important role in the fuel efficiency of these vehicles. Recently, it has been revealed that prior knowledge of the upcoming trip can assist EMS to enhance the distribution of power between the energy sources, i.e. the engine and the motor-generators used in PHEVs, resulting in lower fuel consumptions. This dissertation intends to further investigate on a Trip Planning-assisted EMS (TP-assisted EMS), by studying its feasibility for online implementation, and evaluating its performance and robustness with respect to the trip data uncertainties in various practical scenarios, to ultimately answer this question: Does the TP-assisted EMS function as a reliable system for PHEVs which can outperform conventional methods? This research starts with improving upon an existing Trip Planning module with an emphasis on its online integration with the EMS module. In particular, the power-balance model of PHEVs is introduced, which is computationally inexpensive and yet adequately accurate to be used for the optimizations involved in the Trip Planning module. To speed up the optimizations, the use of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is suggested. These modifications result in the reduction of computational time, making TP-assisted EMS module suitable for online implementations. Once the TP-assisted EMS module has been integrated with a high-fidelity model of the baseline PHEV, namely, 2013 Toyota Prius PHEV, its performance and sensitivity/robustness have been extensively studied through Monte Carlo simulations, where numerous samples of standard as well as real-world drive cycles have been tested. However, in order to use these data for Model-in-the-Loop (MIL) and Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) tests, a Micro-trip Generator block has been developed. This block automatically segments the drive cycles, similar to the way that trip information is obtained in practice, making the simulation samples compatible with the Trip Planning module. Statistical analyses of the simulation results show that the TP-assisted EMS is a superior controller compared to the conventional EMS strategies. Moreover, these simulations present one of the first sensitivity analyses that have been performed in the context of TP-assisted EMS for PHEVs, showing that this system is robust despite the existence of random disturbances and meanwhile has low sensitivity against variations of the design parameters.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Waterlooen
dc.subjectTrip Planningen
dc.subjectEnergy Management Systemen
dc.subjectSensitivity Analysisen
dc.subjectMonte Carlo Simulationen
dc.titleA Trip Planning-Assisted Energy Management System for Connected PHEVs: Evaluation and Enhancementen
dc.typeMaster Thesisen
uws-etd.degree.departmentSystems Design Engineeringen
uws-etd.degree.disciplineSystem Design Engineeringen
uws-etd.degree.grantorUniversity of Waterlooen
uws-etd.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen
uws.contributor.advisorLashgarian Azad, Nasser
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


University of Waterloo Library
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
519 888 4883

All items in UWSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

DSpace software

Service outages