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dc.contributor.authorAnwar, Ahmed
dc.contributor.authorShi, Tianzheng
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Oliver
dc.date.accessioned2023-05-03 15:04:52 (GMT)
dc.date.available2023-05-03 15:04:52 (GMT)
dc.description.abstractHaptic Experience (HX) is a proposed set of quality criteria useful to haptics, with prior evidence for a 5-factor model with vibrotactile feedback. We report on an ongoing process of scale development to measure HX, and explore whether these criteria hold when applied to more diverse devices, including vibrotactile, force feedback, surface haptics, and mid-air haptics. From an in-person user study with 430 participants, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), we extract an 11-item and 4-factor model (Realism, Harmony, Involvement, Expressivity) with only a partial overlap to the previous model. We compare this model to the previous vibrotactile model, finding that the new 4-factor model is more generalized and can guide attributes or applications of new haptic systems. Our findings suggest that HX may vary depending on the modalities used in an application, but these four factors are general constructs that might overlap with modality-specific concepts of HX. These factors can inform designers about the right quality criteria to use when designing or evaluating haptic experiences for multiple modalities.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), funding reference number 2019-06589 || Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) || Ontario Research Foundation (ORF) || Mitacs Globalink Programen
dc.publisherAssociation for Computing Machineryen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesProceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems;260
dc.subjectScale Developmenten
dc.subjectUser experience designen
dc.titleFactors of Haptic Experience across Multiple Haptic Modalitiesen
dcterms.bibliographicCitationAhmed Anwar, Tianzheng Shi, and Oliver Schneider. 2023. Factors of Haptic Experience across Multiple Haptic Modalities. In Proceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’23), April 23–28, 2023, Hamburg, Germany. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 12 pages. https: //doi.org/10.1145/3544548.3581514en
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen
uws.contributor.affiliation2Management Sciencesen

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